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A Summary of the Documentary Video ”Overview of America”

 updated December 20, 2011

An image from the video documentary
An image from the video documentary 'Overview of America.'

This video describes aspects of the major types of governmental and economic systems which exist in the world, and explains why the system of a capitalistic constitutional republic as outlined in the United States Constitution is preferable to other types of systems.

This video had been produced by The John Birch Society. Also see the article A Summary of the Booklet ”Restoring the Rights of the States and the People”.

Overview of America— Part 1 of 2: A Firm Foundation
  view individual page  |   view in popup windowRunning Time: 14 minutes 54 seconds  

This video clip from the documentary video ”Overview of America” describes the major types of governmental systems which exist in the world today— being ”monarchy” meaning rule by one, ”oligarchy” meaning rule by a few, ”democracy” meaning rule by a majority, ”republic” meaning rule by law, and ”anarchy” meaning rule by none. The governmental system of the United States was designed to be a "republic" by the Framers of the Constitution, and it is explained why such a system is preferable to others.

Following are key points made in the video clip:

— When the Founding Fathers declared independence from the British, they stated that the rights of men are given to them by God— including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness— and that government should be instituted in order to secure those rights.

— It is explained that the Founders designed the U.S. government to be a ”negative force” which leaves people alone with it’s sole function being to protect citizens from one another, foreign governments, and from the government itself— and it was not designed to be a ”positive force” which does things for people, or takes from one person to give to another which in the process gives the government control over both people. [Editor's note updated 12/20/11— It is not necessary to have "right wing" views to gain understanding from this video presentation. Many forms of social programs are helpful, and they are a reality of the current political system in the United States. It certainly would not be beneficial and in many cases it would be disastrous to abruptly halt government assistance that people have become acclimated to. It is important to realize that the current economic depression of the United States and the rest of the world is being intentionally created by the Global Elite for their purpose of incrementally increasing and solidifying their control over the world's population. (See the audio interview Alex Jones speaks with George Humphrey, April 2, 2009). Many people are unaware of the real history and genocidal agendas of the Global Elite, being fooled by the well-crafted facade which has been created through their control of politics and the media (See the article A Summary of the Documentary Video ”Behind the Big News”).]

— When the Revolutionary war had been won in 1783, the governmental system of the States at that time was weak and did not have power to settle disputes or the power to tax for the proper needs such as national defense, so in 1787 delegates from twelve of the thirteen States met in Philadelphia to revise the system, and they created an entirely new structure known as the Constitution of the United States.

— The Constitution was written to govern the government, not the people or the States— with each of the States assumed to be a ”jealous guardian” or it’s own sovereignty. The Founders created a central government with strictly limited powers which left the States free to compete with one another to be the ”best” state in their offering the least amount of taxation and control of their people.

— In an effort to persuade Americans to adopt the new system of government, essays written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay were collected into a body known as the Federalist Papers.

— The first ten amendments to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights, which should actaully be known as the ”Bill of Limitations on Government,” because they never gave citizens any rights but rather limited the government's power in order to safeguard the God-given rights of the citizens. The Founders insisted that Congress shall make no law about speech, religion, the press, the right to assembly, the right to petition, and the right to bear arms— all of which are directed at the government rather than the individuals and the States. The amendments of the Bill of Rights all start with the phrase ”Congress shall not.. ,” except for the tenth Amendment which says in effect ”if we forgot anything, Congress can’t do that either.”

— Many people think that the system of government in America is a ”democracy,” however it is actually a ”republic” and knowing the difference between these two types of governments is essential in understanding the American system, as is described here in the following points.

— Many people have misconceptions about how to ”categorize” the varying types of governments. For example, many people think that Communism is on the ”far left,” Fascism and dictators are on the ”far right,” and moderate systems such as in America are in the ”center.” However, the truth is that Fascism is on the ”far left” of the spectrum rather than the ”far right.” A more accurate representation of the spectrum would show government having zero power at the far right, and having 100% power on the far left. ( such as Communism, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism, dictators, Kings, ect.. ) At the middle of the graph is represented by systems such as the United States Constitutional government which protects the rights of it’s people, known as Constitutional Moderate.

— The basic forms of government are: monarchy which is a dictatorship ruled by one,— oligarchy which is rule by a few, democracy which is rule by majority, republic which is rule by law, and anarchy which is rule by nobody. Following are points made about each form of government:

Monarchy or dictatorship means ”rule by one,” which does not exist in the practical sense, but rather it is always a group that puts one of it’s members up front. A King has a council of Nobles or Earls, and dictators have their bureaucrats or commissars— therefore monarchy actually means ”rule by a group.” So actually, monarchies or dictatorships are always actually ”Oligarchies,” which are covered in the next point.

Oligarchy means ”rule by a group,” which is how most of the nations of the world are governed today and throughout history. Most of the nations of the world are ruled only by a powerful few.

Anarchy means ”without government.” At times in the past, some people have concluded that many of man’s worse crimes were committed by governments, so they decided that having no government might be a good idea, but this is a mistaken view— as the ancient Greeks stated: ”Without law, there can be no freedom,” and the Founding Fathers agreed, knowing that some laws would be necessary to protect a civilized society. In a state of Anarchy, everyone needs to constantly guard life, liberty, and property, and the lives of family members. Also everyone needs to be armed and movement is restricted due to property needing to be protected at all times, therefore a proper amount of government makes everyone freer. People living in such chaos often go to those best able to put an end to it and beg them to take control to restore order, but usually the people who are best able to put an end to the chaos are the very people who started it, therefore those anarchists will eventually form an oligarchy— this is exactly what happened in Russia leading to Lenin taking total power, and in Germany were Hitler’s brownshirts created the chaos needed to put him into power. Anarchy exists only as a temporary transition from something that exists to something desired by the power hungry.

The word ”Democracy” comes from two words: Demos meaning ”people,” and Kratin meaning ”to rule,” therefore democracy means ”Majority Rule.” Majority rule may sound like a good idea, but essentially it actually translates to mean ”mob rule.” The flaw of Democracy is that the majority is not ”restrained”— meaning if more than half of the people can be persuaded to want something in a democracy, that whim will rule.

The word ”Republic” comes from two words: Res meaning ”thing,” and Publica meaning ”public,” therefore Republic means ”the public thing,” or ”the law.” A true republic is one where the government is limited by law, leaving the people alone. America’s founders had a clean slate to write on, so rather than setting up an oligarchy, they set up the rule of law in a republic. An example is shown of a setting in the "old west" where a lynch mob captures a suspected criminal, and instead of hanging him even though the majority votes for it, he is given a trial due to ”the rule of law” in a republic instead of in a democracy.

— Many people would be surprised to know that the word ”democracy” does not appear in the Declaration of Independence or in the U.S. Constitution, nor does it appear in any of the Constitutions of the 50 States, and in fact the founders did everything they could to keep the United States from having a ”democracy.” James Madison wrote in the Federalist Papers: ”... democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights or property, and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths.”

— Alexander Hamilton Stated, ”We are a republican government. Real liberty is never found in despotism or in the extremes of democracy.”

— Samuel Adams stated: ”Democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself.”

— The Founding Fathers had good reason to think of democracy with contempt, due to their knowledge of history of democracy in the early Greek city-states which produced some of the wildest excesses of government imaginable— in every case ending up with mob rule leading to anarchy and finally tyranny under an oligarchy. During that period in Greece, there was a man named Solan who urged creation of a fixed body of laws which are not subject to majority whims, however the Greeks never adopted his ideas.

— The Romans did adopt Solan’s ideas and created the twelve tables of the Roman Law and built a Republic that limited Government power and left the people alone. Since government was limited, the people were free to produce, with the understanding that they could keep the fruits of their labor, and in time Rome became wealthy and the envy of the world.

— Eventually the people of Rome forgot that the essence of freedom is the proper limitation of government and that when government power grows, people’s freedom recedes. Power seeking politicians began to exceed the powers granted them in the Roman Constitution, such as by using government power to take property from some and give it to others through agriculture subsidies followed by housing and welfare programs. As government power continued to expand, the private sector was increasingly taxed which led to productivity declining, then shortages developing, followed by mobs of people roaming the streets demanding bread and services from the government, with many induced to trade freedom for security. Eventually the whole system can crashing down, and Rome went from a republic to a democracy to an oligarchy under a progression of the Caesars.

— Benjamin Franklin once said, ”We can keep a republic, or we will eventually end up with an oligarchy— a tyranny of the elite.”

Overview of America— Part 2 of 2: The Proper View of Capitalism
  view individual page  |   view in popup windowRunning Time: 10 minutes 52 seconds  

This video clip from the documentary video ”Overview of America” explains differences between the major economic systems of free market Capitalism, Fascism, Naziism, Socialism, and Communism. It is explained that all types of economic systems include elements of ”capital” and ”property,” with differences between the systems being varying combinations of types of ownership and control of those two elements.

Following is a description of points made in the video clip:

— Most people are confused about the characteristics of major differing economic systems. During the 20th century, Americans were led to believe that a "great struggle" existed between the Capitalist and Communist worlds, but most people do not know what the defining principals of the systems are.

— One of the most basic aspects of any economic system is the concept of ”capital,” which means ”the means of production.” An example of capital is explained as a spear being made as the result of someone’s time and energy in order for that person to eventually be able to use to spear to catch fish to eat. Capital can be tools, machinery, and even people.

— By strict definition, every type of economic system is ”capitalist,” including Communism. The difference between Communism and the American Capitalist type of systems lies in the ownership of the capital. Communist capital is ”monopolistic and state controlled,” and American capital is ”competitive free enterprise.”

— The term ”free market” means a self regulating system in which all parties are completely free to transact with one another, and where force, fraud or injury damages one party, the government’s role is only to punish those who commit such offenses and to vindicate the rights of the other party, which protects the integrity of the free market.

— ”Private Property” means private ownership and control of property being a key component in the free enterprise system. In order for ownership of private property to be complete, four aspects must be met— the person’s right for Title, Control, Use, and the Ability to Dispose. In a free market economy these aspects are unrestrained, as long as the person does not infringe on the rights of others. True ownership of property and freedom go hand in hand.

— Some basic differences exist between the two major types of economic systems. In the competitive free enterprise system, capital or property is both owned privately and controlled privately. In a monopolistic system, holding title to capital can be accomplished privately or by the state, however, the capital is controlled by the state or the elite few who control the state.

— The Communist Manifesto, which contains the basic program for all Communist and Socialists, explicitly preaches the destruction and abolition of private property. Karl Marx understood the power of controlling capital as have all Communists who have ever looked and still look to Marx as their leader. State controlled capitalism (Communism) always results in high prices and low quality, because the lack of competition offers no incentive to improve.

— On the other hand, hard working competitive free enterprise producers create low prices and high quality. Competition results in excellence, and always has.

— The various economic systems can be plotted along a spectrum representing amounts of government control in the market. The last century has seen four forms of state controlled economies on the far left of the spectrum: Fascism, Nazism, Socialism, and Communism. In each, the government controls the capital, with the difference among these being how much is owned outright by the government. Following are aspects of each:

In a Fascist system, the government does not own businesses on paper, but it does control them. In Mussolini’s Italy, even though he didn’t hold title to businesses, he told the owners what to produce, how much to produce, when to produce, where to buy raw materials, who to hire, who to fire, and what prices to charge. The rest ”was up to them.” The fascist system is more efficient than other state controlled systems due to those living under it thinking they still own their businesses. Such a government controls the owners through an array of taxations and regulations.

Under Nazism, which means ”national socialism,” it’s proponents went one step further and acquired ownership of some corporations such as Volkswagen, but Hitler did not seize ownership of other industrial giants but rather just controlled them in the same way that Mussolini had controlled businesses in Italy.

Socialism is where government officials aquire possession of major industries, such as transportation, communications, and utilities, which allows for government to leverage control over the entire economy. Through ownership of these vital segments of the industry, and by creating government regulatory agencies, socialists gain control over virtually everything else.

Communism is the ”granddaddy of all” in the economic sense. Under this system all of the capital is owned and controlled by the State.

— Two major types of configurations of goverment and economy types would be an Oligarchy with a monopolistic, state controlled economy, and a Republic with a competitive, free enterprise system economy. [Note that the practical application of the Government and economy in the United States has been gradually shifting to the left on the spectrum from being a free enterprise Republic. See the article A Summary of the Booklet ”Restoring the Rights of the States and the People”.]

— The founding fathers knew that the system of a free market economy in a Republic which they designed would not last without without a certain degree of shared morality in the citizenry. James Madison cautioned, ”limited government alone is inadequate for our nation,” and John Adams said ”Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people, it is wholly inadequate to the government of any other.” George Washington said ”.. reason and experience both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle.” Benjamin Franklin said ”Only a virtuous people are capable of freedom.. As nations become corrupt and vicious, they have more need of masters.”

— The alternative to Americanism is what has condemned most of the human race to live as slaves throughout the past millennium— with the ideas that rights are privileges dispensed by an Oligarchy, the nation’s capital and all economic activity being directed from a central power, morality being inconsequential, and security needing to be preferred over freedom and opportunity.

— It is explained that the United States continues to be steered off-course through the principals that led to it’s greatness being cast aside, and what is needed is a sufficient number of Americans getting involved to return the nation to having less government and more personal responsibility of citizens.

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